This increased the South's dependence on the plantation system and its vital component, slavery. But by then, the North was prospering industrially. The North depended on factories and other industrialized businesses.
For this reason many of the new immigrants settled north, while very few settled south. This allowed the North to grow industrially, while making the South more hostile towards them. The Confederacy resisted any kind of industrialization and manufactured as little as possible. Southern economy opposed high taxes, as manufacturing was limited.
But the Northern states welcomed high taxes to protect its products from cheap foreign competition. As a result, the South preferred not to accept most improvements that were made by the federal government, such as roads and canals, in order to keep taxes low.
Another major problem that occurred was the competition between the North and South for more land. Both regions wanted to expand socially and economically westwards. The South wanted more agrarian states, while the North wanted to be able to expand industrial-wise. Confederate states felt that more agrarian states would help protect their economy and society in the future. The Union also felt that expansion would help their future as an industrialized country.
As competition grew between the two sides, unrest grew with it, eventually resulting in the Civil War. Politically, the States were not any more united in their point of views.
Expanding westwards did would not only help each side socially, and economically, but also politically. More Slave states meant there would be more Southerners will be involved in congress. But if there were more Free States, there would be more northern representation in congress. This caused continuous unrest between the two regions.
Also, both the North and the South had different views on how the government should operate. The south wanted less government control, and more state freedom, while the North welcomed the central power of a government. The South viewed the election of Abraham Lincoln, as president, as a threat to slavery. To make matters worse, the South was determined to start its own nation, by electing its own president, Thomas Jefferson.
It started calling for International recognition as a nation from France and Britain. The South was persistent in becoming a separate country, but the North was not about to give up the South.
Eventually, the Civil War erupted. After four long years, the Union would win the War and the country would once again become united. There were many reasons why the North was able to overcome the South. Since Southern economy was agrarian, and they had very few factories, the value of manufactured goods was higher than crops by the start of the War.
This made the North wealthier, helping it to produce ammunition and other warfare utilities. The South was poorer, do to the lack of money since cotton was no longer providing the income and had only a few sources for manufacturing goods. As a result they were always unequipped and could not keep up. The North had the ability to invent modern weapons while the South had to fight with older weapons. The North always had more people compared to the South who had fewer people.
At war, the casualty rates were always equal, but the South suffered more because while the North could afford these loses, the South could not.
The Civil War lasted longer than it was expected to. But, unfortunately, the War was inevitable due to the great gap between the North and South socially, economically and politically.
In fact, due to these circumstances, if the South had won the War, the country would have probably been divided into two separate countries. As any war would have ended, the War ended with great losses to both sides. More Americans were killed in the Civil War than in all other American wars combined from the colonial period through the later phase of the Vietnam War. Apart from the number of deaths and casualties, the great loss of property and money, the country now needed to work together in order to rebuild what was lost.
Emotionally, it would take long years for many people to overcome the consequences of the war. Because the population grew so did expansion. As more states were joining into the union, the power struggle between the slave and free states grew stronger. The Missouri compromise in helped keep the balance between the free and slave states.
As expansion, population and economy grew, so did advances in science and manufacturing. Steam engines came to light during this time, in the s. The first track was laid. The popularity of the train grew quickly. In , miles of track had been laid. In the north, the train system was mainly used for transportation of peole from city to city, while the train was used mainly for agriculture in the south, carrying cargo and crops to and from the ports and plantations.
Toll Bridges were being built at this time as well. The Charles River Bridge was the first toll. The American Civil War. Retrieved 11, , from https: The American Civil War By:
- History of The American Civil War The Civil War was a brutal war between the North and South of America over the issue of slavery, which was spurred on by the secession of the southern states from the Union of a America.
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Experiences of the American Civil War (): Honor, Duty and Death Introduction The following pages are an essay on the cause of the American Civil War () and the effects that the war had upon the soldiers, women and African Americans of the North and the South. The American Civil War was a war fought within the United States of America between the North (Union) and the South (Confederacy) starting from and ending in This war was one of the most destructive events in American history, costing more than , lives.
Essay The American Civil War In , arguably the world's greatest nation was locked in Civil War. The war divided the country between the North (Union) and South (Confederate). The war lasted five years and by the Confederate forces were truly beaten. Out of this horrendous war though, where some , men died grew a greater sense of nationalism than is today, unrivalled around the. the American Civil War i Why is the American Civil War important in terms of world history? Undoubtedly it was a war that greatly shaped America, and its causes and consequences still impact Americans today.