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Writing Better University Essays/Referencing

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Ways to Incorporate References in an Essay

Advantages of Specifying References When Writing an Essay
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Journal of Wisdom, , The works cited page is where you list all of the works you referenced in your essay. Cite a book with one author. Publisher, Year of Publication. Cite a book with multiple authors. The Book About Things. Cite a book with no known author. Write Title of publication. Cite a page on a website. Cite a personal interview. Lastname, firstname of interviewee. Cite a published interview.

Interview with Name of Interviewer. Publication or program year: Interview with Jan Davis. Good Night John Cite a personal message. Lastname, firstname of sender. Create a Works Cited or Bibliography.

You should know that Chicago style uses footnotes and endnotes. Creating a works cited is optional- refer to your specific instructions to see if you need a works cited or bibliography. All of the entries in your works cited or bibliography should be listed in alphabetical order according to the first piece of information given in the reference.

Cite books with one author. Publisher, Year of publication. Cite books with two authors. Lastname, First name and Lastname, Firstname. Hu, Carol and Shier, Marie. List sources with no known author. List a web page with an author. List a web page without an author. List a published Interview. Lastname, firstname of interviewee, place where interview was held, by Interviewers firstname and lastname, date. As for copyright matters, all their compositions are double checked for intentional or non-intentional plagiarism.

The following is a practical method provided by ProfEssays. Acquiring good references is usually a time consuming and perhaps costly undertaking. But it does not have to be so if you can find a consultant equipped to help. Through years of practice in academic writing they know and can access the best resources to use for any field of study making them highly qualified providers for custom essay papers that require essay references. Check out our sample essay papers as well.

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This brief study guide aims to help you to understand why you should include references to the information sources that you use to underpin your writing.

It explains the main principles of accurately referencing such sources in your work. Effective note making , Avoiding plagiarism. When you are writing an essay, report, dissertation or any other form of academic writing, your own thoughts and ideas inevitably build on those of other writers, researchers or teachers. It is essential that you acknowledge your debt to the sources of data, research and ideas on which you have drawn by including references to, and full details of, these sources in your work.

Referencing your work allows the reader:. Whenever you read or research material for your writing, make sure that you include in your notes, or on any photocopied material, the full publication details of each relevant text that you read.

These details should include:. For particularly important points, or for parts of texts that you might wish to quote word for word, also include in your notes the specific page reference. The publisher's name is normally on a book's main title page, and often on the book's spine too.

Your source should be acknowledged every time the point that you make, or the data or other information that you use, is substantially that of another writer and not your own. As a very rough guide, while the introduction and the conclusions to your writing might be largely based on your own ideas, within the main body of your report, essay or dissertation, you would expect to be drawing on, and thus referencing your debt to, the work of others in each main section or paragraph.

Look at the ways in which your sources use references in their own work, and for further guidance consult the companion guide Avoiding Plagiarism. There are many different referencing conventions in common use. Each department will have its own preferred format, and every journal or book editor has a set of 'house rules'.

This guide aims to explain the general principles by giving details of the two most commonly used formats, the 'author, date' system and footnotes or endnotes. Once you have understood the principles common to all referencing systems you should be able to apply the specific rules set by your own department.

In the 'author, date' system often referred to as the 'Harvard' system very brief details of the source from which a discussion point or piece of factual information is drawn are included in the text. Full details of the source are then given in a reference list or bibliography at the end of the text.

As the name suggests, the citation in the text normally includes the name s surname only of the author s and the date of the publication. This information is usually included in brackets at the most appropriate point in the text. The seminars that are often a part of humanities courses can provide opportunities for students to develop the communication and interpersonal skills that are valued by employers Lyon, The text reference above indicates to the reader that the point being made draws on a work by Lyon, published in An alternative format is shown in the example below.

Knapper and Cropley Note that in this example reference has been made to a specific point within a very long text in this instance a book and so a page number has been added. This gives the reader the opportunity to find the particular place in the text where the point referred to is made. You should always include the page number when you include a passage of direct quotation from another writer's work.

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The incorporation of references in your essay will depend on the format that you will use. Though APA format is commonly followed in most reference essays, there are still a lot of ways on how you can include your sources in your writing.

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References are often used to support information discussed in essays. References help back up arguments, prove major points and make the essay more reliable.

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This brief study guide aims to help you to understand why you should include references to the information sources that you use to underpin your writing. It explains the main principles of accurately referencing such sources in your work. When you are writing an essay, report, dissertation or any. Referencing the Essay Referencing is a system that allows you to acknowledge the contributions and work of others in your writing by citing your sources. A feature of academic writing is that it contains references to the words, information and ideas of others.

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This consists of a list of materials that you have used at the end of the piece of writing and references to this list at various points throughout the essay. The purpose of this is to supply the information needed to allow a user to find a source. Writing an essay is an unavoidable task for any high school or college student. While researching, notating and composing an essay may seem like a daunting prospect, there are simple steps one can.