Below are examples of using in-text citation. Gass and Varonis found that the most important element in comprehending non-native speech is familiarity with the topic. This suggests that familiarity with nonnative speech in general, although it is clearly not as important a variable as topic familiarity, may indeed have some effect.
That is, prior experience with nonnative speech, such as that gained by listening to the reading, facilitates comprehension. APA style has specific rules for citing works by multiple authors. Use the following guidelines to determine how to correctly cite works by multiple authors in text.
When using multiple authors' names as part of your narrative, rather than in parentheses, always spell out the word and. Three to five authors: Search this Guide Search. Using In-text Citation Include an in-text citation when you refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source. Citing Web Pages In Text Cite web pages in text as you would any other source, using the author and date if known. Web page with author: In-text citation Role-play can help children learn techniques for coping with bullying Kraiser, Reference entry Kraizer, S.
Reference entry All things Nittany. In-text citation Establishing regular routines, such as exercise, can help survivors of disasters recover from trauma American Psychological Association [APA], n.
Reference entry American Psychological Association. General Guidelines In-text references should immediately follow the title, word, or phrase to which they are directly relevant, rather than appearing at the end of long clauses or sentences.
Author's name in parentheses: Author's name part of narrative: APA, Multiple works: APA recommends using 12 pt. Times New Roman font. Include a page header also known as the " running head " at the top of every page. The running head is a shortened version of your paper's title and cannot exceed 50 characters including spacing and punctuation.
Your essay should include four major sections: The title page should contain the title of the paper, the author's name , and the institutional affiliation. Include the page header described above flush left with the page number flush right at the top of the page.
After consulting with publication specialists at the APA, OWL staff learned that the APA 6th edition, first printing sample papers have incorrect examples of running heads on pages after the title page. This link will take you to the APA site where you can find a complete list of all the errors in the APA's 6th edition style guide.
Type your title in upper and lowercase letters centered in the upper half of the page. APA recommends that your title be no more than 12 words in length and that it should not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose. Your title may take up one or two lines. All text on the title page, and throughout your paper, should be double-spaced. Beneath the title, type the author's name: Do not use titles Dr.
Beneath the author's name, type the institutional affiliation , which should indicate the location where the author s conducted the research. Begin a new page. Your abstract page should already include the page header described above.
Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research. Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions. You may also include possible implications of your research and future work you see connected with your findings.
Your abstract should be a single paragraph, double-spaced. Your abstract should be between and words. You may also want to list keywords from your paper in your abstract. To do this, indent as you would if you were starting a new paragraph, type Keywords: Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases.
The page template for the new OWL site does not include contributors' names or the page's last edited date.
However, select pages, like the Citation Style Chart , still include this information. Purdue Online Writing Lab.
APA Citation Guide: In-Text Citations (How to Cite Within your Paper) Learn the intricacies of APA Citation Style. APA is the citation style used by the Health Professions, Sciences, and Social Sciences.
APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in .
APA stands for the American Psychological Association. You’ll most likely use APA format if your paper is on a scientific topic. You’ll most likely use APA format if your paper is on a scientific topic. APA citation basics. When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, for example, (Jones, ), and a complete reference should .
For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. APA in-text citation style uses the author's last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, ). We cite according to the 8th edition of MLA, 6th edition of APA, and 16th edition of Chicago (8th edition Turabian).